Solar panels are devices that convert sunlight into electricity through a process called photovoltaics. When exposed to sunlight, the solar cells within the panels generate direct current (DC) electricity. This DC electricity is then converted into usable alternating current (AC) electricity by an inverter, which can be used to power homes, businesses, and various electrical devices. Solar panels are a sustainable and renewable energy source, reducing reliance on fossil fuels and contributing to a cleaner environment. They play a crucial role in the development of solar energy systems and are becoming increasingly popular for both residential and commercial applications worldwide.